viernes, 21 de abril de 2017
Period:Middle KingdomDynasty:Dynasty 11Reign:reign of Mentuhotep II, earlyDate:ca. 2051–2030 B.C.Geography:From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes, Deir el-Bahri, Tomb of Neferu (TT 319, MMA 31), MMA excavations, 1923–25Medium:Limestone, paintDimensions:H. 83 x W. 88.5 cm (32 11/16 x 34 13/16 in.)
In this picturesque image of water jars beneath an acacia tree, each jar for ready use topped by a drinking cup, there may be hidden allusions to beliefs about the afterlife. In the Old Kingdom, an institution called “the acacia house” was maintained at the solar cult site of Heliopolis (near present day Cairo). To this institution belonged a group of women who served as mourners and ritual dancers at each pharaoh’s funeral. Queen Neferu may have been a member of Mentuhotep II’s acacia house.
Sarcophagus of the Hathor Priestess Henhenet
Period:Middle KingdomDynasty:Dynasty 11Reign:early reign of Mentuhotep IIDate:ca. 2051–2030 B.C.Geography:From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes, Deir el-Bahri, Temple of Mentuhotep II, Pit 11 (Henhenet), Egypt Exploration Fund excavations, 1906–07Medium:Limestone, sandstone, paintDimensions:H. 97 cm (38 3/16 in); w. 105 cm (41.5/16 in); l. 261 cm (102 3/4 in)Credit Line:Gift of Egypt Exploration Fund, 1907Accession Number:07.230.1a, b
Henhenet was one of six royal females who were buried in shaft tombs beneath the platform of King Mentuhotep II's temple at Deir el Bahri. Her massive sarcophagus is made of several limestone slabs set on a sandstone base. The lid, which belonged originally to one of the other royal ladies, Kawit, consists of three parts. Each of these is pierced by two holes through which suspension ropes were slotted for lowering the piece into place. The inscriptions around the sarcophagus box were first painted green, then outlined in black on two sides; the third side was started but left unfinished.
When found, there was still a wooden coffin inside the sarcophagus; within this was Henhenet's robbed mummy. According to Edouard Naville, the excavator, she was "lying on the cloth wrappings. Her hands and feet are small and delicately formed, her hair short and straight." The mummy was sent to Cairo in 1923. It was studied there by Dr. Douglas Derry, who concluded that Henhenet had been about 21 years old when she died in childbirth.
Above each of the shafts in which the royal females were buried were small shrines built to house statues of the deceased (see 07.230.1d).
lunes, 17 de abril de 2017
Egyptian Mythology: A Guide to the Gods, Goddesses, and Traditions of Ancient
by Geraldine Pinch
From stories of resurrected mummies and thousand-year-old curses to powerful pharaohs and the coveted treasures of the Great Pyramids, ancient Egypt has had an unfaltering grip on the modern imagination. Now, in Egyptian Mythology, Geraldine Pinch offers a comprehensive introduction that untangles the mystery of Egyptian Myth.
Spanning Ancient Egyptian culture--from 3200 BC to AD 400--Pinch opens a door to this hidden world and casts light on its often misunderstood belief system. She discusses the nature of myths and the history of Egypt, from the predynastic to the postpharaonic period. She explains how Egyptian culture developed around the flooding of the Nile, or the "inundation," a phenomenon on which the whole welfare of the country depended, and how aspects of the inundation were personified as deities. She explains that the usually cloudless skies made for a preoccupation with the stars and planets. Indeed, much early Egyptian mythology may have developed to explain the movement of these celestial bodies. She provides a timeline covering the seven stages in the mythical history of Egypt and outlining the major events of each stage, such as the reign of the sun God. A substantial A to Z section covers the principal themes and concepts of Egyptian mythology as well as the most important deities, demons, and other characters. For anyone who wants to know about Anubis, the terrifying canine god who presided over the mummification of bodies and guarded burials, or Hathor, the golden goddess who helped women to give birth and the dead to be reborn, or an explanation of the nun, the primeval ocean from which all life came, Egyptian Mythology is the place to look.
Paperback: 272 pages
Publisher: Oxford University Press; 1 edition (April 8, 2004)
domingo, 16 de abril de 2017
The Complete Book of the Dead of Hunefer: A Papyrus Pullout Paperback – October 18, 2010
by Richard Parkinson
This is an ancient "Egyptian Book of the Dead" papyrus, reproduced in its entire length as a pullout illustration. The whole papyrus published for the first time in its original continuous form. It takes children up close to a real "Egyptian Book of the Dead". Hunefers papyrus includes beautiful and detailed coloured pictures of scenes from the afterlife Ideal for children studying Ancient Egypt at school. It is published to accompany a major British Museum exhibition (4 November 2010 6 March 2011). Hunefer was a Royal Scribe, who lived in Thebes in Egypt around 1280 BC. Like other ancient Egyptians, he hoped that when he died he would be admitted to a wonderful afterlife. But many dangers and obstacles could stop you from moving successfully between the land of the living and the land of the dead. The solution was to take with you a collection of magical spells (popularly known today as a "Book of the Dead"), which would give you special powers to overcome the trials and horrors you might encounter on your journey. The papyrus scroll reproduced as a pull-out in this little book contains Hunefers personal selection of spells and it was buried with him. The spells are written out in vertical lines of hieroglyphs and some are accompanied by beautiful painted scenes, illustrating various important stages that Hunefer must reach, including a final judgement, before enjoying an eternal life. The original papyrus is 39 cm tall and 5.5 m long. It now exists as eight separate sections rather than a continuous scroll. It is published here for the first time in the form that Hunefer knew over three thousand years ago. The pullout image is accompanied by a short introductory text. The Author Richard Parkinson is a curator of Egyptian antiquities at the British Museum.
Paperback: 40 pages
Publisher: British Museum Press (October 18, 2010)
Product Dimensions: 4.4 x 0.2 x 4.3 inches